Community preparedness research projects which the Natural Hazards Inc. cluster are already involved in or have completed include:

New South Wales Flooding Study - Evaluating Emergency Response and Preparedness (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2005
A survey examining residents understanding of, attitudes towards, and adoption of risk reduction measures for flood hazards is being conducted in four communities: Maitland, Narrabri, Grafton and Albury. The project will measure the effectiveness of a range of hazard education initiatives. Questionnaires will be delivered to residents in the area before an education campaign is launched to get a baseline of attitudes and understanding. Once the education campaign has taken place, residents will be asked to complete a second questionnaire to measure its effectiveness.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): Central University of Queensland, Australia

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Commonwealth RANET (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: June 2005
The Commonwealth RANET (Radio Internet) Communications-Tuvalu project is a wide-ranging communications project designed to significantly enhance communications capability between Tuvalu's meteorological offices, the international forecast centres and, most importantly its atoll communities and the end-users. Its main objective is to improve meteorological communications and early warning of natural hazards capability. The technology is leading-edge, yet cost-effective and sustainable. An automatic weather and climate station is included for Tuvalu's only secondary school at Vaitupu where students will be able learn meteorology and see first-hand the effect of weather on their communities.
Lead company: Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited (MetService)
Associated consultant(s): None

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GeoNet (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2001
The GeoNet project operates a modern geological hazard monitoring system in New Zealand. When complete, GeoNet will comprise a network of geophysical instruments, automated software applications and skilled staff to detect, analyse and respond to earthquakes, volcanic activity, large landslides, tsunami, and the slow deformation that precedes large earthquakes. GeoNet is designed to operate in post-disaster environments and all data are freely available.
Lead company: GNS Science

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Whakatane Microzoning Study (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: June 2003
The project consisted of geological mapping and micro-seismic zoning of the Whakatane urban area. This town has the largest urban area located near the junction of two major fault belts, the eastern margin of Taupo Volcanic Zone and the North Island Shear Belt. Environment Bay of Plenty determined that the assets and infrastructure within the Whakatane urban area justified a detailed assessment of the seismic risk, specifically for risk mitigation by way of long-term land-use planning, as well as consideration of lifeline vulnerabilities.
Lead company: GNS Science

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The Regional Riskscape Model (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2004
RiskScape is multi-hazard risk assessment system that has developed out of a joint-venture research programme between GNS Science and NIWA. It involves the development of a generic model that allows local authorities and emergency management groups to analyse their regional risks from multiple natural hazards, thus assisting with community resilience and public safety.
Lead company: Joint Venture
Associated consultant(s): GNS Science National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

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RANET Communications Niue (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: March 2005
The Niue RANET (Radio Internet) Communications project provided two Community FM radio station systems for Hakupu and Liku Villages, Niue together with a HF radio digital email system at the meteorological office. This enhanced the emergency satellite digital email system that MetService had already installed following Tropical Cyclone Heta. The project's objective was to improve the availability of emergency information to the end users in the communities. An important benefit was that the Community FM radio stations are owned and operated by the communities and can be used for any social, educational, entertainment purpose as the community wishes.
Lead company: Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited (MetService)

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Technical Support for the Bureau of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: December 2006
On 28 March 2005 the island of Nias was struck by a magnitude 8.7 earthquake which left 839 dead, destroyed 13,000 houses, and damaged hundreds of important buildings and structures. After the initial rescue and relief processes, the BRR (Bureau of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction) focused on introducing mitigation measures as part of an integrated disaster risk reduction programme. This UNDP-funded project was designed to provide BRR Nias with technical support to enhance its operational capacity. Three Earthquake Advisors were recruited and seconded into the BRR Office in Gunung Sitoli, Nias.
Lead company: GNS Science International

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New Zealand National Seismic Hazard Model (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 1998
The project consisted of the development of the New Zealand National Seismic Hazard Model that has served as the basis for developing the seismic zone factor maps of the new structural design standard for New Zealand (NZS1170.5). In addition, seismic hazard assessments of many major projects, including dams, bridges and buildings have been based on this model.
Lead company: GNS Science

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National Building Code for Nepal (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: May 1992
This project provided Nepal with: Seismic Hazard Mapping and Risk Assessment Preparation and Implementation of National Building Code Development of Alternative Building Materials and Technologies.
Lead company: Beca International Consultants Ltd
Associated consultant(s): Golder Associates, Canada Silt Consultants, Nepal TAEC Consultants, Nepal

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QMAP: Geological Map of New Zealand (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 1994
The QMAP project is producing complete national coverage of New Zealand's geology in 21 maps. Each map is litho printed and published with an accompanying explanatory book. This Crown-funded programme is improving our knowledge of the geology of New Zealand by mapping and exploring relationships between rock types and their geological origins.
Lead company: GNS Science

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Earthquake Risk Modelling (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2000
Earthquake risk modelling incorporates the most recent information about earthquake sources, attenuation of strong ground motion and building vulnerability. The techniques can be applied to specific building portfolios, giving realistic estimates of damage and loss for planning or insurance purposes.
Lead company: GNS Science

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New Zealand Tsunami Risk and Preparedness (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: March 2005
Following the December 26, 2004 disastrous tsunami in the Indian Ocean, the New Zealand Government resolved to consider the risk of such events in New Zealand. MCDEM was required to develop a national picture of the risk of tsunami for New Zealand, the consequences, and New Zealand’s preparedness to deal with these eventualities. GNS Science was commissioned by MCDEM to provide two reports towards this purpose: the Science Report and the Preparedness Report. These reports can be downloaded from the MCDEM website (www.mcdem.govt.nz).
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): National Insititute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) Waikato University University of Auckland Barnett & MacMurray Ltd

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PropertyInsight (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2003
PropertyInsight is a joint venture supported by GNS Science, Niu Pacific Limited and Quotable Value Limited. Its purpose is to provide hazard risk information at a property level, to enable better decision making based on sound, scientific, natural hazard information. PropertyInsight also aims to: (i) educate the public on the risks that exist and steps to mitigate the risk, (ii) partner with relevant parties to provide additional hazard information; and (iii) assist Territorial Authority's meet their legal reporting obligations especially in relation to LIMs (Land Information Memorandums) and PIMs (Project Information Memorandums).
Lead company: Joint Venture
Associated consultant(s): GNS Science Niu Pacific Limited Quotable Value Limited

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Natural Hazards Courses (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: January 1997
The multidisciplinary skills across GNS Science and NIWA are combined to offer two-day courses covering the management and planning for a range of natural hazards. Four courses have been developed to focus on coastal, earthquake, extreme weather & flooding, and volcanic hazards. Each course educates attendees on how to prepare for and reduce the physical, economic and social impacts of the natural hazard. The courses are for anyone with an interest or role in assessing, managing or communicating the risks associated with natural hazard events, such as: planners; emergency managers; educators; engineers; utility & asset managers; and local, regional, and central government policy makers.
Lead company: Joint Venture
Associated consultant(s): GNS Science National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

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Samoa Coastal Infrastructure Management Strategy (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: January 2000
In the first instance, Beca’s aim was to identify a vision and highlight objectives, establishing policies and methods for integrated and sustainable management. A long-term vision for enhancing hazard resilience was also considered, providing a sound basis for the future use, development and protection of Samoa’s land and vulnerable coastal resources. Management of land and resources in Samoa is very complex, and there is a delicate balance between the jurisdiction of central government and the autonomous rights of local villages which are protected in the national Constitution.
Lead company: Beca International Consultants Ltd

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Tsunami Hazards, Risk and Preparedness for Viet Nam (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: April 2007
With support from NZAID, GNS Science has recently completed a two-year project that aims to minimise the impact of earthquakes and tsunamis in Viet Nam. Such natural hazard events, although infrequent, leave developing communities particularly vulnerable to poverty. Through the project, funded by NZAID’s Asia Development Assistance Facility, GNS Science worked with its partner organisation in Viet Nam, the Institute of Geophysics (IGP), to build the IGP’s capacity to complete a tsunami hazard assessment for the 3,400km coast line of Viet Nam, as well as a ‘case-study’ tsunami vulnerability assessment for a part of the coast that is rapidly developing.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): CPG

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Post-Earthquake Functioning of Cities (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2003
Modern building designs in New Zealand have achieved the legislated aim of ensuring life safety. Nevertheless, they are not required to control damage, and hence ensure neither the suitability of buildings for continued occupancy or economical repair cost. For this reason, New Zealand’s cities could be rendered non-functional by earthquake damage to buildings, their contents, and their infrastructure. This project aims to reduce post-earthquake trauma and economic impact for people in urban areas. The primary focus is design for reduced damage in large earthquakes, leading to economic benefits (minimised losses) and reduced social disruption.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): BRANZ Ltd Robinson Seismic Ltd

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