Risk modelling and economic impact assessment projects which the Natural Hazards Inc. cluster are already involved in or have completed include:

GeoNet (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2001
The GeoNet project operates a modern geological hazard monitoring system in New Zealand. When complete, GeoNet will comprise a network of geophysical instruments, automated software applications and skilled staff to detect, analyse and respond to earthquakes, volcanic activity, large landslides, tsunami, and the slow deformation that precedes large earthquakes. GeoNet is designed to operate in post-disaster environments and all data are freely available.
Lead company: GNS Science

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Whakatane Microzoning Study (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: June 2003
The project consisted of geological mapping and micro-seismic zoning of the Whakatane urban area. This town has the largest urban area located near the junction of two major fault belts, the eastern margin of Taupo Volcanic Zone and the North Island Shear Belt. Environment Bay of Plenty determined that the assets and infrastructure within the Whakatane urban area justified a detailed assessment of the seismic risk, specifically for risk mitigation by way of long-term land-use planning, as well as consideration of lifeline vulnerabilities.
Lead company: GNS Science

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The Regional Riskscape Model (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2004
RiskScape is multi-hazard risk assessment system that has developed out of a joint-venture research programme between GNS Science and NIWA. It involves the development of a generic model that allows local authorities and emergency management groups to analyse their regional risks from multiple natural hazards, thus assisting with community resilience and public safety.
Lead company: Joint Venture
Associated consultant(s): GNS Science National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

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New Zealand National Seismic Hazard Model (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 1998
The project consisted of the development of the New Zealand National Seismic Hazard Model that has served as the basis for developing the seismic zone factor maps of the new structural design standard for New Zealand (NZS1170.5). In addition, seismic hazard assessments of many major projects, including dams, bridges and buildings have been based on this model.
Lead company: GNS Science

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National Building Code for Nepal (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: May 1992
This project provided Nepal with: Seismic Hazard Mapping and Risk Assessment Preparation and Implementation of National Building Code Development of Alternative Building Materials and Technologies.
Lead company: Beca International Consultants Ltd
Associated consultant(s): Golder Associates, Canada Silt Consultants, Nepal TAEC Consultants, Nepal

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QMAP: Geological Map of New Zealand (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 1994
The QMAP project is producing complete national coverage of New Zealand's geology in 21 maps. Each map is litho printed and published with an accompanying explanatory book. This Crown-funded programme is improving our knowledge of the geology of New Zealand by mapping and exploring relationships between rock types and their geological origins.
Lead company: GNS Science

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Earthquake Risk Modelling (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2000
Earthquake risk modelling incorporates the most recent information about earthquake sources, attenuation of strong ground motion and building vulnerability. The techniques can be applied to specific building portfolios, giving realistic estimates of damage and loss for planning or insurance purposes.
Lead company: GNS Science

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New Zealand Tsunami Risk and Preparedness (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: March 2005
Following the December 26, 2004 disastrous tsunami in the Indian Ocean, the New Zealand Government resolved to consider the risk of such events in New Zealand. MCDEM was required to develop a national picture of the risk of tsunami for New Zealand, the consequences, and New Zealandís preparedness to deal with these eventualities. GNS Science was commissioned by MCDEM to provide two reports towards this purpose: the Science Report and the Preparedness Report. These reports can be downloaded from the MCDEM website (www.mcdem.govt.nz).
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): National Insititute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) Waikato University University of Auckland Barnett & MacMurray Ltd

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Geological Hazards and their Mitigation (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2002
Ongoing Programme developing quantitative estimates of earthquake, volcano, landslide, geomagnetic and tsunami hazard in New Zealand as a basis of an all-hazard approach, and evaluating how New Zealand society tackles these perils. The Programme addresses investment signals and priorities presented in the proposed Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Portfolio, notably by reducing risk to New Zealandís economic and social well-being through the identification, management and mitigation of hazards. It includes research aimed at understanding the processes that cause the natural event; why they occur where they do; and at what rate these phenomena occur in different parts of the country.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): Otago University Canterbury University Victoria University Auckland University

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Natural Hazards Courses (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: January 1997
The multidisciplinary skills across GNS Science and NIWA are combined to offer two-day courses covering the management and planning for a range of natural hazards. Four courses have been developed to focus on coastal, earthquake, extreme weather & flooding, and volcanic hazards. Each course educates attendees on how to prepare for and reduce the physical, economic and social impacts of the natural hazard. The courses are for anyone with an interest or role in assessing, managing or communicating the risks associated with natural hazard events, such as: planners; emergency managers; educators; engineers; utility & asset managers; and local, regional, and central government policy makers.
Lead company: Joint Venture
Associated consultant(s): GNS Science National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

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Tsunami Hazards, Risk and Preparedness for Viet Nam (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: April 2007
With support from NZAID, GNS Science has recently completed a two-year project that aims to minimise the impact of earthquakes and tsunamis in Viet Nam. Such natural hazard events, although infrequent, leave developing communities particularly vulnerable to poverty. Through the project, funded by NZAIDís Asia Development Assistance Facility, GNS Science worked with its partner organisation in Viet Nam, the Institute of Geophysics (IGP), to build the IGPís capacity to complete a tsunami hazard assessment for the 3,400km coast line of Viet Nam, as well as a Ďcase-studyí tsunami vulnerability assessment for a part of the coast that is rapidly developing.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): CPG

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Post-Earthquake Functioning of Cities (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2003
Modern building designs in New Zealand have achieved the legislated aim of ensuring life safety. Nevertheless, they are not required to control damage, and hence ensure neither the suitability of buildings for continued occupancy or economical repair cost. For this reason, New Zealandís cities could be rendered non-functional by earthquake damage to buildings, their contents, and their infrastructure. This project aims to reduce post-earthquake trauma and economic impact for people in urban areas. The primary focus is design for reduced damage in large earthquakes, leading to economic benefits (minimised losses) and reduced social disruption.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): BRANZ Ltd Robinson Seismic Ltd

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Strong Ground Motion in the Wellington Region (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: July 2000
The Wellington region is crossed by the southernmost segment of the Wellington fault. There have been no major earthquakes in this fault segment known to European settlers (since about 1840), but paleoseismic studies reveal that this is an active strike-slip fault, with an almost vertical fault plane extending to about 20 km depth, with a return period between 420-780 years for a M7.0-7.8 magnitude. In the absence of historical earthquakes, the purpose of this project was to characterize the strong ground motion in the Wellington region by numerically simulating the seismic wave propagation for large earthquakes due to several hypothetical rupture scenarios of the Wellington fault.
Lead company: Joint Venture
Associated consultant(s): GNS Science University of California at Santa Barbara San Diego State University

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Active Faulting Assessment of Lucas Heights Reactor Site (PDF 1 page summary)
Project start date: November 1998
The research reactor at the Lucas Heights facility, on the southern outskirts of Sydney, Australia was commissioned in 1958. In 1998 work started on the replacement of the reactor in a nearby site. For that reason, earthquake ground motion estimates and fault rupture hazard studies for engineering design and safety evaluation on the new site were commissioned. GNS Science led a consortium to assess the strength and recurrence of earthquake-induced ground shaking at the Lucas Heights new site.
Lead company: GNS Science
Associated consultant(s): Coffey MPW Pty Ltd (Australia) Seismology Research Centre (Australia)

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